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Vol.18  No.1116 Friday Edition, November 16, 2018
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Hospital confirmed Biologist dies after bite by rabid bat



By A.M. Costa Rica staff


The patient information department of San Juan de Dios Hospital has confirmed that the man who entered the hospital on October 21 died due to a rabies infection contracted through the bite of a rabid bat.

The hospital is keeping the name of the 43-year-old victim confidential, but states that the biologist died Wednesday morning, November 14.

The man was bitten by a bat he was handling on August 15 while he was on a walk in the Canton of Dota. According to the medical report, he did not go to any medical center but limited himself to cleaning the wound.

"For several weeks [he] did not show any symptoms," the ministry reported. Symptoms, when they appeared, included, "pain in the left upper limb, then numbness in both hands, muscle weakness, symptoms of malaise and disorientation as well as difficulty swallowing."

The man finally went to the health center and was diagnosed with rabies. He was initially in intensive care "with vital support," the ministry reported.

According to the case report, the National Animal Health Service conducted an investigation of the area and performed a vaccination campaign for people who had contact with the infected person.

Dr. Daniel Salas, Director of Epidemiological Surveillance, called on the population, "to not approach or disturb the tranquility of wild animals and, in case of being bitten, go immediately to the nearest health center."

Rabies is an acute viral infection that mainly attacks the central nervous system causing a progressive viral encephalomyelitis that is almost always fatal.


Bat111618.jpg
A.M. Costa Rica wire services photo


The victim did not go to any medical center
but limited himself to cleaning the wound.

Transmission usually occurs through saliva from the bite of an infected animal but it can be transmitted from saliva to a cut, scratch or open wound on the victim.

Either way, the virus in the saliva enters the wound and begins to replicate. By the time full symptoms are evident, survival is difficult.

Rabies affects humans and other warm-blooded animals, usually dogs and cats, but it also affects farm animals such as horses, cows or goats and jungle animals such as bats, coyotes, wolves and foxes.

According to the Ministry's report, "only 11 cases of infected people have been reported from all over the country since 1967. In Costa Rica, canine rabies has been eliminated since 1970."

Specialists recommend vaccinating domestic animals against rabies to keep the case incidence low.


Green Alert declared in Caribbean
and
North Zone, says energy commission



By A.M. Costa Rica staff

The National Emergency Commission declared a Green Alert for the areas of Talamanca, Limón, Matina, Siquirres, Guácimo and Pococí, San Carlos, Upala, Guatuso, Los Chiles, Sarapiquí and Río Cuarto in Grecia.

The country has been under the influence of cold front #5 since Thursday and the front will continue until Saturday.

There is a large mass of cold air moving from the Gulf of Mexico to the Caribbean and influencing our weather, say forecasters.

According to the Commission "this atmospheric event will bring a persistent rainy condition especially in the North Caribbean and Northern Zone of the country, as well as strong gusts of wind."

According to the report of the National Meteorological Institute, this cold front would cause a constant increase in atmospheric pressure and the displacement of the cold air mass to the south.

"This condition will favor more intense trade winds and increased rainfall throughout the Caribbean and Northern Zone, in the mountains of the country. In the east and north of the Central Valley there will be incursions of cloudiness and heavy rains," said the institute.

In the Pacific area, however, rainfall will decrease and only a few isolated rains will be observed in the South Pacific.

Gusts of wind are expected between 60-90 km / h in the mountains of the Central Valley, Guanacaste and north of the country. 

The Commission calls on people to maintain precaution in sites vulnerable for floods, landslides and falling trees.


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National Emergency Commission courtesy photo


The Commission calls on people to maintain precaution
in sites vulnerable for floods, landslides and falling trees.


The following precautionary measures should be followed in areas prone to strong winds:

Close doors, windows, awnings and all the elements that can be found on balconies, terraces and outdoor areas of the buildings.

Protect your pet so that it is safe.

For people who do not need to leave their home for work, it is recommended that they stay indoors and leave only if it is very necessary.

Keep informed by officials or at the commission web page: www.cne.go.cr

If you notice any dangerous issues such as, risk to trees from high winds, landslides or floods due to rain or overflow of rivers, you must report it immediately to 9-1-1.

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