In 2019, the Ministry of Health approved the sanitary registrations of the Plan B pill, allowing anyone to purchase the pill without a medical prescription.
- A.M. Costa Rica illustrate photo -
Published Thursday, May 6, 2021
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff
Social Security announced the free delivery of the Plan-B pill, as another method of contraceptive to their public health services for patients.
The pill will be provided to women who have had a sexual relationship and consequent possibility of pregnancy.
"It is important to make it clear to the population that these drugs are not abortion methods," Angélica Vargas-Campos, a gynecologist at Social Security said. "The pill prevents conception, but they do not spoil a conception already carried out."
The pill prevents pregnancy in the same way as regular birth control pills do it. It prevents or delays the release of an egg from a woman's ovaries or prevents sperm from fertilizing the egg.
Before this announcement, the pill was available in public health services only for rape victims.
In May 2019, the Ministry of Health approved the sanitary registrations of the Plan B pill, allowing anyone to purchase the pill without a medical prescription.
Levonorgestrel or better known as Plan B pill is a hormonal medication available in pill form. The pill is supposed to be used within 120 hours (five days) of sexual intercourse. It is to be used as an emergency birth control.
It becomes less effective as time elapses between the sexual act and use of the pill and only works before pregnancy has occurred.
Levonorgestrel was patented in the U.S. in 1960 and introduced for medical use together with ethinylestradiol in 1970.
The World Health Organization reports that the pill is on the list of Essential Medicines, the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system.
The U. S. Department of Health and Human Services says that the pill is available as a generic medication. The wholesale cost is between $0.23 and $1.65 for the required dose for emergency birth control. In the U.S., it is over the counter for all ages. In 2016 it was the 223rd most prescribed medication with more than 2 million prescriptions.
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