Published Wednesday, February 10, 2021
Costa Rica recognized among
the best democracies, index says
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff
The Economist Intelligence Unit, a company of the U.K- based Economist newspaper, in its 13th edition of the 2020 Democracy Index reported that Costa Rica scored 8.16 points of the maximum of 10 points.
According to the index, Costa Rica stands out as the fourth best-scoring country in the America Continent, preceded only by Canada, Uruguay, and Chile, and ranks 18 out of 23 countries with “full democracy” as classified by the study.
Some of the most highlighted scores for the country included in the study are: a 9.58 in electoral process and pluralism; 6.79 in the functioning of government; 7.22 in political participation; 7.5 in political culture and 9.71 in civil liberties.
Costa Ricans are part of the 8.4% of the global population with the best democracies. While the bulk of the world's population, some 41%, are part of “flawed democracies” followed by 35.6% of inhabitants living in “authoritarian regimes” and 15% of the population in “hybrid regimes.”
Joining the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD, in 2020 contributes to boosting its democracy rating. “The predominance of OECD countries among those ranked as full democracies suggests that the level of economic development is significant, if not binding, a constraint on democratic development,” the study said.
Costa Rica will celebrate its 200 years of independence in September 2021.
Among the countries scored as full democracies are Norway, Iceland, Sweden, New Zealand and Canada. The full index report can be seen on the Economist Intelligence Unit website.
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