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Photo via Social Security.

Costa Rica's first innovative thorax surgery

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Published on Tuesday, June 11, 2024
By the A.M. Costa Rica staff

The Social Security medical team executed the extra-thoracic surgical operation known as "Pectus Up" for the first time in Costa Rica to address the physical condition known as pectus excavatum.

A structural abnormality of the front thoracic wall, pectus excavatum is characterized by an atypical sternum and rib cage. The chest seems sunken or caved in as a result. It may emerge after puberty or be present from birth.

Physical disability can lead to back and chest pain, as well as impaired cardiac and respiratory function. Individuals who have the illness may steer clear of activities that expose their chest and suffer from severe negative psychological impacts.

According to Social Security, the Rafael Ángel Calderón Guardia public hospital in San José Province achieved the first surgery in the country.

This new surgical method, also called taulinoplasty, uses traction hardware and an implant created especially for the procedure.

The surgeon makes an incision to prepare the customized space in the chest, inserts the implant deep beneath the muscle and then closes the incision. With few difficulties following surgery, patients can soon return to regular activities.


What have you heard about the Pectus Up surgical technique in your country? We would like to know your thoughts on this story. Send your comments to